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 ترك السنة الراتبة في السفر ما عدا سنة الفجر Not doing regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling apart from the Sunnah of Fajr

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مُساهمةموضوع: ترك السنة الراتبة في السفر ما عدا سنة الفجر Not doing regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling apart from the Sunnah of Fajr   السبت فبراير 24, 2018 6:46 am


ترك السنة الراتبة في السفر ما عدا سنة الفجر
Not doing regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling apart from the Sunnah of Fajr

اعلم أنه من الأفضل قصر الصلاة أثناء السفر ولكن هل نصلي السنة أم لا ؟ حسب علمي فأنا أصلي السنة لأنني لا أعلم الحديث الذي يدعم هذا .


الحمد لله كان من هدي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في السفر الاقتصار على الفرض ولم يحفظ عنه أنه كان يصلي السنن الرواتب لا قبل الفرائض ولا بعدها.
فعن عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ : صَحِبْتُ ابْنَ عُمَرَ فِي طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ قَالَ فَصَلَّى لَنَا الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ وَأَقْبَلْنَا مَعَهُ حَتَّى جَاءَ رَحْلَهُ وَجَلَسَ وَجَلَسْنَا مَعَهُ فَحَانَتْ مِنْهُ الْتِفَاتَةٌ نَحْوَ حَيْثُ صَلَّى فَرَأَى نَاسًا قِيَامًا فَقَالَ مَا يَصْنَعُ هَؤُلاءِ قُلْتُ يُسَبِّحُونَ ( أي يصلون تطوعًا ) قَالَ لَوْ كُنْتُ مُسَبِّحًا ( أي مصليًا بعد الفريضة ) لأَتْمَمْتُ صَلاتِي يَا ابْنَ أَخِي إِنِّي صَحِبْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي السَّفَرِ فَلَمْ يَزِدْ عَلَى رَكْعَتَيْنِ حَتَّى قَبَضَهُ اللَّهُ وَصَحِبْتُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلَمْ يَزِدْ عَلَى رَكْعَتَيْنِ حَتَّى قَبَضَهُ اللَّهُ وَصَحِبْتُ عُمَرَ فَلَمْ يَزِدْ عَلَى رَكْعَتَيْنِ حَتَّى قَبَضَهُ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ صَحِبْتُ عُثْمَانَ فَلَمْ يَزِدْ عَلَى رَكْعَتَيْنِ حَتَّى قَبَضَهُ اللَّهُ وَقَدْ قَالَ اللَّهُ ( لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ ) .
قال ابن القيم رحمه الله ( وهذا من فقهه رضي الله عنه فإن الله سبحانه وتعالى خفف عن المسافر في الرباعية شطرها فلو شرع له الركعتان قبلها أو بعدها لكان الإتمام أولى به )
زاد المعاد 1/316.
وكذلك يدل على مشروعية ترك السنن الرواتب ما صح عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِي اللَّه عَنْهمَا قَالَ : جَمَعَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَيْنَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ بِجَمْعٍ ( أي في مزدلفة ) كُلُّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا بِإِقَامَةٍ وَلَمْ يُسَبِّحْ بَيْنَهُمَا وَلا عَلَى إِثْرِ كُلِّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا .
رواه البخاري 1673.
وما ثبت عن جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ: سَارَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَتَّى أَتَى عَرَفَةَ فَوَجَدَ الْقُبَّةَ قَدْ ضُرِبَتْ لَهُ بِنَمِرَةَ فَنَزَلَ بِهَا حَتَّى إِذَا زَاغَتِ الشَّمْسُ أَمَرَ بِالْقَصْوَاءِ فَرُحِلَتْ لَهُ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى بَطْنِ الْوَادِي خَطَبَ النَّاسَ ثُمَّ أَذَّنَ بِلالٌ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ فَصَلَّى الْعَصْرَ وَلَمْ يُصَلِّ بَيْنَهُمَا شَيْئًا .
رواه مسلم 1218 .
لكن يستثنى مما سبق راتبة الفجر فإنها تؤدى في حال السفر كما تؤدى في حال الحضر يقول ابن القيم:
( وكان من هديه في سفره الاقتصار على الفرض ولم يحفظ عنه أنه صلى سنة الصلاة قبلها ولا بعدها إلا ما كان من الوتر وسنة الفجر فإنه لم يكن ليدعهما حضرا ولا سفرا ) زاد المعاد 1/473 .
وقال رحمه الله : ( وكان تعاهده ومحافظته على سنة الفجر أشد من جميع النوافل ولذلك لم يكن يدعها هي والوتر سفرا وحضرا وكان في السفر يواظب على سنة الفجر والوتر أشد من جميع النوافل دون سائر السنن ولم ينقل عنه في السفر أنه صلى سنة راتبة غيرهما ) زاد المعاد 1/315.
ثبت عن أبي قتادة رضي الله عن أنه قال : كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في سفر له فمال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وملت معه فقال : انظر فقلت هذا راكب هذان راكبان هؤلاء ثلاثة حتى صرنا سبعة فقال احفظوا علينا صلاتنا يعني صلاة الفجر فضرب على آذانهم فما أيقظهم إلا حر الشمس فقاموا فساروا هنية ثم نزلوا فتوضئوا وأذن بلال فصلوا ركعتي الفجر ثم صلوا الفجر وركبوا فقال بعضهم لبعض قد فرطنا في صلاتنا فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إنه لا تفريط في النوم إنما التفريط في اليقظة فإذا سها أحدكم عن صلاة فليصلها حين يذكرها .
رواه مسلم 681 .
وجاء في كتاب صلاة المسافرين وقصرها عند الإمام مسلم برقم ( 724 ) حديث عائشة : أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لم يكن على شيء من النوافل أشد معاهدة منه على ركعتين قبل الصبح .
وكذلك يشرع للمسافر المحافظة على الوتر وقيام الليل وصلاة الضحى وكل صلاة ذات سبب كالصلاة بعد كل وضوء وصلاة التوبة وتحية المسجد وركعتي الطواف وغيرها ، وكذلك لا يمنع من النفل المطلق .
يدل على ما سبق ما يلي من الأحاديث :
1- عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ : أَوْصَانِي خَلِيلِي صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِثَلَاثٍ لا أَدَعُهُنَّ فِي سَفَرٍ وَلا حَضَرٍ رَكْعَتَيِ الضُّحَى وَصَوْمِ ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ وَأَنْ لا أَنَامَ إِلا عَلَى وِتْرٍ .
صحيح سنن أبي داوود 1269 .
2- عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي فِي السَّفَرِ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ حَيْثُ تَوَجَّهَتْ بِهِ يُومِئُ إِيمَاءً صَلاةَ اللَّيْلِ إِلا الْفَرَائِضَ وَيُوتِرُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ .
رواه البخاري 1000 .
وفي رواية : وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُسَبِّحُ عَلَى الرَّاحِلَةِ قِبَلَ أَيِّ وَجْهٍ تَوَجَّهَ وَيُوتِرُ عَلَيْهَا غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لا يُصَلِّي عَلَيْهَا الْمَكْتُوبَةَ .
رواه البخاري 1098.
3- عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِاللَّهِ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ حَيْثُ تَوَجَّهَتْ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ الْفَرِيضَةَ نَزَلَ فَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ .
رواه البخاري 400 .
4- عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِاللَّهِ أَنَّ أَبَا مُرَّةَ مَوْلَى أُمِّ هَانِئٍ بِنْتِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أُمَّ هَانِئٍ بِنْتَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ تَقُولُ ذَهَبْتُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَامَ الْفَتْحِ فَوَجَدْتُهُ يَغْتَسِلُ وَفَاطِمَةُ ابْنَتُهُ تَسْتُرُهُ قَالَتْ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَنْ هَذِهِ فَقُلْتُ أَنَا أُمُّ هَانِئٍ بِنْتُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِأُمِّ هَانِئٍ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْ غُسْلِهِ قَامَ فَصَلَّى ثَمَانِيَ رَكَعَاتٍ مُلْتَحِفًا فِي ثَوْبٍ وَاحِدٍ فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ زَعَمَ ابْنُ أُمِّي أَنَّهُ قَاتِلٌ رَجُلا قَدْ أَجَرْتُهُ فُلانَ ابْنَ هُبَيْرَةَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَدْ أَجَرْنَا مَنْ أَجَرْتِ يَا أُمَّ هَانِئٍ قَالَتْ أُمُّ هَانِئٍ وَذَاكَ ضُحًى .
رواه البخاري 357 .
والمقصود بيان مشروعية ترك السنن الرواتب في حق المسافر والاقتصار منها على ركعتي الفجر كما يشرع للمسافر أن يحافظ على صلاة الوتر والقيام والضحى وذوات الأسباب والنفل المطلق ومنه تعلم خطأ ما يدور على بعض الألسن من أن السنة في السفر ترك السنة فإنها مع اضطرابها في نفسها مخالفة للسنة الصحيحة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم والصحيح تقييدها بالسنة الراتبة المعروفة قبل وبعد الظهر وبعد المغرب والعشاء والله تعالى اعلم .


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: ترك السنة الراتبة في السفر ما عدا سنة الفجر Not doing regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling apart from the Sunnah of Fajr   السبت فبراير 24, 2018 6:47 am



Not doing regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling apart from the Sunnah of Fajr

When traveling i know it is better to short the prayers, however are thesunnah prayers to be omitted or not? in my knowledge i was praying the sunnah prayers but i have no hadith to support this act



Praise be to Allaah. It was the practice of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when travelling to pray the obligatory prayers only, and it was not narrated that he used to pray the regular Sunnah prayers either before or after the fard prayers.
It was narrated that ‘Aasim ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: “I accompanied Ibn ‘Umar on the way to Makkah. He led us in praying two rak’ahs of Zuhr prayer, then he left and we left with him until he came to where his luggage was. He sat down and we sat with him, then he looked towards the place where we had prayed, and he saw some people standing and he asked, ‘What are these people doing?’ I said, ‘They are praying voluntary prayers.’ He said, ‘If I wanted to pray (naafil or Sunnah prayers) after the fard prayer I would have completed my prayer (i.e., not shortened it).’ O son of my brother, I accompanied the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) whilst travelling and he did not add anything to these two rak’ahs until Allaah took him (in death); and I accompanied Abu Bakr and he did not add anything to these two rak’ahs until Allaah took him (in death); and I accompanied ‘Umar and he did not add anything to these two rak’ahs until Allaah took him (in death); and I accompanied ‘Uthmaan and he did not add anything to these two rak’ahs until Allaah took him (in death). And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
‘Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow’
[al-Ahzaab 33:21].”
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: This demonstrates his understanding, may Allaah be pleased with him. For Allaah has reduced the four-rak’ah prayers for the traveller by half. If it were prescribed to pray the two rak’ahs (of Sunnah prayer) before and after, it would be more appropriate to pray the fard prayer in full.
Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/316
Another factor which indicates that it is prescribed to omit the regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling is the saheeh report from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) combined Maghrib and ‘Isha prayer in Jam’ (i.e., Muzdalifah), reciting the iqaamah for each of them, and he did not pray Sunnah in between or after either of them.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1673.
And it was narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) traveled until he reached ‘Arafah, where he found that the tent had been set up for him in Namirah. He stayed there until the sun had passed its zenith, then he called for al-Qaswa’ (his camel) to be saddled, and he rode to the bottom of the valley, where he addressed the people. Then he told Bilaal to give the adhaan (call to prayer) then the iqaamah, then he prayed Zuhr, and then Bilaal recited another iqaamah and he prayed ‘Asr, and he did not pray anything in between.”
Narrated by Muslim, 1218.
But an exception is made from the above in the case of the regular Sunnah prayer of Fajr, which is to be performed when travelling just as it is performed when one is not travelling. Ibn al-Qayyim said:
“It was the practice of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when travelling to pray only the obligatory prayers, and it was not narrated that he used to pray the regular Sunnah prayers either before or after the fard prayers, apart from Witr and the Sunnah of Fajr, which he never omitted whether he was travelling or not.”
Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/473
And he said:
“His adherence to praying the Sunnah of Fajr was stronger than with all other naafil prayers, so he did not omit it or Witr whether he was travelling or not. When he was travelling he would still pray the Sunnah of Fajr and Witr and adhere to that more than all other naafil prayers. It is not narrated that he prayed any other regular Sunnah prayer when he was travelling.”
Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/315
It was narrated that Abu Qutaadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was on a journey and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stopped to rest and I stopped with him. He said, ‘Look!’ I said, ‘Here is one rider, two riders, three…’ until there were seven of us. He said, ‘Make sure that we do not miss our prayer’ – meaning Fajr prayer. But they slept deeply and nothing woke them but the heat of the sun. Then they got up and traveled on for a while, then they stopped and did wudoo’, and Bilaal gave the adhaan and they prayed two rak’ahs of Fajr then they prayed Fajr, then they rode on. They said to one another, ‘We have been negligent concerning our prayer.’ The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘There is no negligence in sleep, rather negligence comes when one is awake. If one of you forgets his prayer, let him pray when he remembers.’”
Narrated by Muslim, 681
In the chapter called Kitaab Salaat al-Musaafireen wa qasriha (The prayer of travelers and shortening the prayer) (no. 724), Imam Muslim narrates from ‘Aa’ishah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was not more keen to pray any naafil prayers regularly than the two rak’ahs before Fajr.
Similarly it is prescribed for the traveller to continue to pray Witr, qiyaam al-layl (naafil prayers at night), Duha prayer and all prayers done for a reason such as praying after each wudoo’, salaat al-tawbah (prayer of repentance), tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting the mosque), two rak’ahs following Tawaaf, etc. Similarly, it is not forbidden to pray naafil at all.
This is indicated by the following ahaadeeth:
1 – It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: My dear friend [the Prophet] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined three things upon me which I will not give up whether I am travelling or not: two rak’ahs of Duha prayer, fasting three days of each month and not going to sleep until I have prayed Witr.”
Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, 1269.
2 – It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray qiyaam al-layl atop his camel when he was travelling, no matter what direction it was facing, gesturing to represent the movements of the prayer, apart from the obligatory prayers, and he would pray Witr atop his camel.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1000.
According to another report: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray naafil prayers atop his camel, no matter what direction it was facing, and he would pray Witr like that too, but he did not pray the prescribed prayers like that.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1098.
3 – It was narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray atop his camel, no matter what direction it was facing, but when he wanted to pray an obligatory prayer, he would dismount and face the qiblah.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 400.
4 – It was narrated from al-Nadr the freed slave of ‘Umar ibn ‘Ubayd-Allaah that Abu Murrah the freed slave of Umm Haani’ bint Abi Taalib told him that he heard Umm Haani’ bint Abi Taalib say, “I went to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) during the year of the Conquest [of Makkah] and I found him doing ghusl and his daughter Faatimah was screening him. So I greeted him with salaam and he said, ‘Who is that?’ I said, ‘Umm Haani’ bint Abi Taalib.’ He said, ‘Welcome, Umm Haani’.’ When he had finished doing ghusl he stood up and prayed eight rak’ahs, wearing a single garment wrapped around his body. When he finished, I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, my brother said that he is going to kill a man to whom I have given protection, So and so the son of Hubayrah.’ The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘We will give protection to the person to whom you have given protection, O Umm Haani,’’ and that was at the time of Duha (forenoon).”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 357
The point is that it is prescribed to omit the regular Sunnah prayers for those who are travelling, and to limit it to the two Sunnah rak’ahs of Fajr. It is also prescribed for the traveller to continue to pray Salaat al-Witr, qiyaam al-layl, Duha and prayers done for specific reasons, and naafil prayers in general. From this you may understand that what some people say, that part of the Sunnah whilst travelling is not to pray Sunnah, is wrong. Apart from the fact that this does not make sense, it also goes against the saheeh Sunnah narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The correct view is that not praying Sunnah whilst travelling refers to the regular Sunnah prayers that are done before and after Zuhr, and after Maghrib and ‘Isha’. And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
ترك السنة الراتبة في السفر ما عدا سنة الفجر Not doing regular Sunnah prayers whilst travelling apart from the Sunnah of Fajr
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صفحة 1 من اصل 1

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